Biofuels

Volume 7, Number 3 - May/June 2012

25degrees jnl3_online

The PET industry in South Africa is eager to address the challenges of recycling post-consumer PET while tackling head-on the environmental problems created by discarded bottles. Extrupet stepped in and filled this gap by recycling more than two-million plastic bottles a day.
I-Cat is a leading environmental management company with its primary focus on supplying our clients with exceptional services and related products. We offer specialised services in waste stream management; waste to energy solutions; waste water effluent management & solutions and carbon footprint auditing and CDM projects.
SSI is a multi-disciplinary firm of consultants with a track record spanning 90 years in southern Africa, where it employs 1 000 technical specialists and support staff at 26 offices in South Africa, Botswana and Zimbabwe. It is part of the DHV Group with a global footprint of 4 500 engineers, scientists, technical and support personnel operating through more than 70 offices worldwide.
Calcamite provides easy sanitation solutions to customers who seek anything from a pit latrine to a packaged wastewater treatment plant. Their products are backed up by 42 years of experience as they are part of the industry for decades.
Xylem has completed its global spin-off from the ITT Corporation and began a new chapter as a leading global water technology company with operations in more than 150 countries, operating under the tagline, “Let’s Solve Water”.
Pollution and population growth drive scientists to seek ways in which wastewater can be treated as a resource rather than a burden on water supply. Water 360 investigates the ways in which wastewater treatment can be improved to reuse and even utilise wastewater as a resource.
Ai-TEC installed a modern boiler system that improves the steam output for more efficient heat generation in a prison in Nelspruit. It is the first boiler of its kind that was installed in the Mpumalanga province.
Weed management programmes play a key role in facilitating sustainable farming and ensuring that the demand for food production is met. Herbicides used correctly can enhance food production without compromising the environment. Monsanto provides a herbicide that contains glyphosate. It is a cornerstone ingredient in weed management programmes on farms across the world and provides a sustainable solution to farming and environmental needs.
The transport industry needs to find green solutions to curb greenhouse gas emissions. The road transport industry alone is responsible for 18% of global C02 emissions. Using pallets in the freight transport industry that is made out of recyclable plastic will lower a company’s carbon footprint.
Becoming a certified Audi advanced driver comes with a myriad of benefits, not the least of which is better road handling, leading to increased safety and your well-being.
The transport system is the backbone of South Africa’s socio-economic activities with the majority of South Africans dependent on public transport. According to the Department of Transport, it is the most rapidly growing source of greenhouse gas emissions in the country and is the second most significant source of carbon emissions.
Schneider Electric, the global specialist in energy management, has announced that its Energy University is now catering for almost 100 000 users worldwide. During 2011 it experienced an impressive 73% growth in traffic, which exceeds the company’s expectations and puts its 2012 objectives well within reach.
BASF, one of the leading chemical production companies in the world, reveals their research strategies for 2012 and how they will grow their market with set targets. Their main focus will be on research and growth to achieve their goals.
Cosira Tubular Joint Venture was awarded a prestigious contract for work on Eskom’s Kusile power station through Alstom in September 2009. Both companies in the joint venture (JV) have been involved with the construction of a steam turbine hall for the power station.
In collaboration with Food & Trees for Africa (FTFA), MTN has planted 7 500 trees in informal settlements in six South African provinces over the past six months.
The Department of Water and Environmental Affairs hosted and participated in the 17th session of the Conference of the Parties in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 7th Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in Durban in 2012.
The development of greenhouse gas reporting in South Africa still has a long way to go, as various government departments need to implement set standards to regulate reporting. 25° in Africa shed the spotlight on the procedures that need to be followed to successfully verify and report on greenhouse gas emissions.
Absa signed a deal with the French Development Agency recently to obtain 40-million euros. The money will be used to finance green projects in South Africa that subscribe to energy-efficiency and using clean energy technologies.
The government is set to transition into a low-carbon economy by 2030. They are confident in reaching this goal by stipulating in their new National Development Plan the way in which they plan to do this and their key action points.
Local fuel additive to reduce carbon emissions of vehicles
Optimum PM is a lifestyle technology company that focuses on enhancing personal comfort and safety in homes, workplaces and communities through smart technology and automation.
Testing and protecting a generator that is used as an emergency power source can easily be done by investing in load-bank solutions. It protects generators by regulating the electrical output of this power source.
Whilst new communications technologies are making the world smaller and enriching our personal lives, it should not be overlooked that the energy spurring on this progress is not available to billions of our planet’s inhabitants.
The Southern African Association for Energy-Efficiency (SAEE) is one of 72 international chapters of the American Association of Energy Engineers (AEE). As a chapter of the AEE, the SAEE is committed to increase energy-efficiency, utilise innovative energy service options, enhance environmental management programmes, upgrade facility operations and improve equipment performance – while at the same time bolstering the bottom lines of organisations.
Osram has introduced many new and innovative lamps to the South African market throughout the years, including compact fluorescents, low-voltage halogen and metal-halide lamps. Over 70% of the company’s sales volume is already generated by energy-efficient products.
Samsung aims to change the way that Africa provides educations to its youth, as they designed a practical solution-driven mobile solar-powered classroom that will enable pupils and teachers to have access to technologies without the need for electricity.
Using energy meters as a tool to improve energy-efficiency will not only save a company costs, but also serves as a way to reduce carbon emissions. 25 Degrees in Africa puts the spotlight on the energy-metering industry to find out how it can be applied and used effectively.
Africa’s ability to attain energy security lies in the hands of political leadership, policy and its people. Energy security was the main focus of discussion during the African Presidential Roundtable, which was held in May 2012.
Liberia still recovers from a civil war that took more than 14 years to resolve. It is the oldest African republic and is mostly inhabited by indigenous Africans. There is an opportunity to satisfy the country’s energy needs by investing in renewable energy.
BASF will expand their line of biodegradable plastic compounds for architectural films. With Ecovio® F Mulch it is no longer necessary for farmers to retrieve the film from the field for disposal or recycling after the harvest. Farmers can simply plow it under, along with what remains from the plants.
Andrew Gilder, IMBEWU Sustainability Legal Specialists (Pty) Ltd.
There are various types of bottled water available on the shelves that consumers can choose from. The South African National Bottled Water Association (SANBWA) says bottled water is water that is packed in sealed containers and offered for human consumption, but does not contain sugars, sweeteners or flavourings.
In March, Men’s Health website in America published an article titled 4 Surprising Secrets About Bottled Water, which contained many misleading claims, says the South African National Bottled Water Association (SANBWA).
Clicks is South Africa’s leading specialist retailer of health, beauty and lifestyle products. The company recently partnered with Extrupet to provide  more sustainable bottled mineral and spring water.
Bottled water is one of the best packaged beverage options for the environment. It has the lightest environmental footprint of all packaged beverages, one that can be reduced by 25% if consumers  simply recycle the bottle. Water 360 investigates sustainable practices in the South African bottled water industry.
DNV is a global provider of risk management services, helping customers to safely and responsibly improve their business performance. DNV is an independent foundation with the purpose of safeguarding life, property and the environment.
Scion Technologies specialises in integrated environmental, energy and efficiency solutions, striving towards  the goal of “nothing but clean air” by supplying the best available and commercially proven technologies, specifically in the fields of industrial air pollution control and clean energy.  
Taiyou Research compiled a report on biomass and how the industry will grow within the bio-power, biofuels and bio-product sectors in the next two decades. Today about 70% of all the biomass in the world is used in the residential sector while only 14% is used in the industrial sector. 
Lowering one’s carbon footprint is fast becoming everyone’s responsibility. An easy way to do this is to use a biogas digester that will enable the user to streamline waste management, avoid the dumping of waste in a landfill and generate renewable energy that can be used for cooking.
Bio-energy is the term used to describe the many varied ways of utilising biomass to create fuel or feedstock in generating energy. There are various kinds of biomass that can be used for this. This article ventures into selecting a sustainable biomass source to produce energy and explains how one can go about to produce energy using biomass.