Solar Water Heating

Volume 5, Journal 3 - May/June 2010

Kenya’s government has recognised that renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, small hydro, biogas and municipal waste have potential for employment and income generation. A feed-in tariffs policy with price incentives and regulatory measures for wind, small hydro and biomass-based cogeneration was introduced by the Ministry of Energy in 2008 (www.e-parl.net).
An exhibition at the National Gallery of Denmark, entitled RETHINK – Contemporary Art & Climate Change, presents the work of inspired artists concerned with climate change. Holding the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen last year, Denmark is at the forefront of climate change innovations and this exhibit shows that even the creatives are getting involved.
A record 126 countries participated in the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Earth Hour initiative where participants were asked to switch off their lights between 20:30 – 21:30 on Saturday, 27 March.
Only 5% of Rwanda’s population is currently connected to the electricity network and the country is facing substantial problems with electricity. The national power provider, Electrogaz, is not able to satisfy the 5% of electricity users, forcing it to import around 13% of its electricity from neighbouring countries.
Admixtures and other construction chemicals supplied by Chryso SA are being used to enhance the performance of the concrete mix for the Medupi power station project at Lephalale in Limpopo province.
Yvo de Boer has announced that he will resign his position as Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as of 1 July 2010 – a position he has held since September 2006 – and will be joining the consultancy group KPMG as Global Adviser on Climate and Sustainability, as well as working with a number of universities.
Morocco has announced a US$9-billion solar energy project. According to government officials, the project involves five solar power generation sites across the country and it will produce 2 000 MW of electricity by 2020.
BASF, a global chemical company, is keeping its eye firmly on tomorrow by helping South Africa build a more sustainable future.
Energy efficient lamps with optimised arc tubes not only enable designers to match the light output to the requirements of the space, but also allow you to save energy without reducing the light level.
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd, Yokohama, has announced that its eco-drive support system, Eco-mode function and Navigation-linked speed control, employed in its compact vehicles has won the ANRE (Agency for Natural Resources and Energy) Director-General’s award in the 20th annual Energy Conservation Prize.
Energy Management has a team of experienced analysts who can study your business profiles in order to identify usage patterns and potential areas for cost reduction.
In February 2010, The Sustainable Energy and Environment for Development programme (SEED), the national capacity building initiative developed by Sustainable Energy Africa, celebrated its 12th year of proactively tackling the need for sustainable energy in the country’s urban development.
The Embassy of Japan is going ‘green’ by switching their facilities to new photovoltaic power generation. The Embassy, which is situated in Pretoria, will now receive electricity from 410 solar panels and it is estimated that 90 metric tonnes of CO2 emissions will be saved annually by using these panels.
The MESH, BASF’s Mobile Energy-Saving House, is going on a tour through Europe. From the end of March to May 2010 the company will be sending the miniature passive house on a journey through Austria, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, the United Kingdom, France, Switzerland and Italy.
Gauteng has launched its strategy to reduce overall energy consumption by 18% from business-as-usual projections and reduce CO2 emissions by 49% (in relation to 2007 levels) by 2055. The strategy was launched on 5 March 2010 by Gauteng Premier, Nomvula Mokoyane, who said that certain behaviours, such as switching on lights to brighten a room, have become instinctive and learnt traits without thinking about its impacts.
Basotect®, the melamine resin foam from BASF, is now certified to the Oeko-Tex® Standard 100. Tests carried out by an independent test institute have shown that the two grades Basotect V 3012 and Basotect G satisfy the human ecological requirements of the standard in product class III.
Eskom is calling all electrical engineers, electricians and technicians and any other inventive spirits with creative flair to take part in this year’s Energy Efficient Lighting Design Competition. The cause is a worthy one, the challenge is refreshingly different and the incentive (prize money of ZAR200 000) makes it well worth the effort.
The CIE 2010 conference, which took place in Vienna from March 14 – 17 2010, gave academics, lighting industry professionals, designers, researchers and representatives of regulatory authorities the opportunity to discuss best practice and the latest developments in the field of light and illumination.
The French Development Agency (AFD) is appraising large scale solar water heater (SWH) rollout projects in South Africa that AFD could finance. In order to share experience on such projects and draw lessons that may be used in the context of South Africa, AFD invited key stakeholders to a workshop focused on the successful Tunisian experience (the PROSOL program).
Solar Distributors Africa (SDA) has built a large national network that provides state of the art solar technology to the industry. The company’s focused approach to supplying a comprehensive range of top quality solar water heating products to the supply chain is creating a number of opportunities for people interested in entering the solar industry.
NASTEP Solar is a renewable energy organization pursuing sustainability in the Sub-Saharan Africa market through the marketing and distribution of premium solar products suitable for both domestic as well as commercial applications.
South African Company NTP Radioisotopes (Pty) Ltd, a subsidiary of Nuclear Energy Corporation of South Africa (Necsa), is currently bidding to become the sole supplier of Molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) to the United States market.
On 12 April 2010, Total announced that it has joined the Positive Energy Consortium. The company will be leading the working group on integrating photovoltaic in office buildings. Photovoltaics technology can be used with other solutions to create positive energy buildings, which produce more energy than they use.
On 2 March 2010, BP announced that the company is pulling out of Namibia, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia and Botswana.
The 2010 FIFA World Cup is one of many international sport events hosted around the world each year. Like many of these events, stadium construction, sporting facilities, accommodation and related infrastructure needed to be built.
On 31 March, Exxaro announced that the Medupi Coal Supply Agreement with Eskom had been finalised. “Eskom signed a definitive agreement on 26 March 2010. In terms of the revised agreement, the delivery of first coal is planned for the second quarter of 2012 with a ramp-up to full production by 2015,” the coal mining company said in a statement.
Eskom’s power tariff increased by 24,8% on 1 April 2010 and subsequent increases of 25,8% for 2011/2013 and 25,9% for 2012/2013 will follow. The National Energy Regulator of South Africa (Nersa) approved these increases in February which were less than the 35% increase that Eskom applied for.
The US$3,75-billion loan for Eskom to develop a new coal-fired power plant was approved by the World Bank on 8 April 2010. The loan forms part of Eskom’s long-term financing of a multi-year investment programme aimed at expanding power generation capacity by about 50% (from about 40 000MW, to 80 000MW) and, according to Eskom and the South African Embassy, it will ensure security of electricity supply required for economic growth and development.
A joint study by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), entitled the Projected Costs of Generating Electricity: 2010 Edition was released in March. Amongst other key conclusions, the report determined that the cost of electricity in the coming years will depend on a number of key parameters, mainly the costs of raising financial capital and the price of carbon.
Have you submitted your SANEA ENERGY AWARDS 2010 nominations yet? If not, please do so without delay – the deadline is Friday, 28 May 2010!
Spectators and TV viewers alike will have the best possible viewing experience at six of South Africa’s top sports stadiums after the installation of new state of the art Philips sports lighting.
A recent study for the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) entitled The Effects of Fossil-Fuel Subsidy Reform: A review of modelling and empirical studies by Jennifer Ellis, analyses six major studies on fossil-fuel subsidy reform since the early 1990s.
Although the climate change conference in Copenhagen failed to achieve its objectives of a binding treaty around carbon emission reductions, sustainable business is here to stay and companies need to gear themselves towards a carbon constrained future.
Many companies are making significant efforts to switch to energy efficiency practices and various companies have programs in place to preserve the environment. But does the way they communicate their green efforts to stakeholders make a difference?
The first article in this series considered whether a carbon tax or a domestic emissions trading scheme was the preferred policy option for South Africa’s introduction of a price of carbon into the economy.
OneCarbon International has recently become part of Orbeo, a pioneering joint-venture between French Investment Bank Societe Generale and French Chemical company Rhodia. The company is headquartered in Paris, but it operates around the globe and its South African branch has just moved to Rosebank in Johannesburg.
Carbon Market Data, a European company providing carbon market research, recently issued a data summary on the latest of the EU Emissions Trading Schemes (ETS) 2009 emissions reports. According to the company’s calculations, the EU ETS emitted 57 million tonnes CO2 less than their number of freely received carbon allowances in 2009, which equals 3.3% less CO2 than the number of allowances they received for free.
In March, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) published a report showing that over 120 carbon market projects are either up and running or in the pipeline in Africa. Although these projects range from wind power to forestry schemes, the report shows that Africa is still lagging behind the rest of the world and the potential for clean energy remains under-utilised.
“A carbon market changes the behaviour of a country at a corporate level and it ultimately changes the behaviour of electricity end-users. With or without a global climate change agreement, the European cap and trade scheme is here to stay and Africa can learn a lot from our past experiences,” says Mark Lewis, Managing Director of Commodities Research and the Global Head of Carbon Research at the Deutsche Bank.
The carbon landscape, along with all the energy, sustainability and environmental impacts, are challenging. Promethium, a company dedicated to low carbon and energy solutions in South Africa, understands the unique challenges that companies face when it comes to energy strategies, undertaking pre-feasibility studies for potential projects and turning the studies into technically viable, bankable projects.
Under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), rich nations can invest in carbon emissions reductions made by clean energy projects in developing countries and earn Certified Emission Redutions (CERs) that can be sold for profit or used to meet greenhouse gas targets.
COP15 - further guidance to the CDMThe annual Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) also acts as the Meeting of the Parties (MOP) to the Kyoto Protocol (collectively the COP/MOP) and, every year since the inception of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the COP/MOP has provided so-called “Further guidance relating to the CDM”.
According to a report entitled Analysis of opportunities for biofuel production in sub-Saharan Africa by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in Pretoria, South Africa, biofuels are regarded as a potential mechanism to stimulate agricultural development, create jobs and save foreign exchange within the developing world and especially Africa.
This article will form part of a series on biofuels and biogas. The next article in this series will focus on the different uses and applications of waste water treatment projects.
Bosch Projects, leaders in the field of developing and implementing renewable energy solutions in Africa, is a specialist energy business unit that has been making a significant contribution towards reducing CO2 emissions. The company integrates engineering and technology to provide multi-disciplinary solutions, from concept to conclusion, in diverse sectors that include the sugar industry, power utilities and materials handling, as well as commercial and industrial operations.
“Currently there are two dire problems under the spotlight in South Africa; the energy supply crisis and the proliferating creation of waste. Authorities are hard pressed to find effective and sustainable solutions to these quandaries. However, there is a possible solution to satisfy both problems simultaneously,” says Quentin van Coller, Business Development manager at Nyamezela Group.
Egyptian officials have been reported to say that the country’s oil and gas reserves will be depleted within the next three decades, encouraging a shift to alternative energy sources. In December 2009, Egypt announced plans to bring its first solar power unit online in 2010 in an effort to generate 20% of its energy from renewable energy sources by 2020 (www.ae-africa.com).
A series of dynasties ruled Egypt for over three millennia and the last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 BC. These rulers were replaced by Greeks, Romans and Byzantines and in the 7th century Arabs started to rule Egypt, introducing Islam and the Arabic languages to a country which they would rule for the next six centuries.
South African-based mining group, Exxaro, is the country’s fourth-largest coal producer. This Johannesburg Stock Exchange listed mining company may be renowned for their commodity portfolio such as coal, mineral sands and metals, but their diversified energy strategy has transformed the company into one that is branching out and investing in sustainable energy solutions for the country.
A South African Air Quality Information System (SAAQIS), which will enable policy-makers and the general public to be able to access centralised air quality information, has been launched by the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) at the South African Weather Service.
DNV (Det Norske Veritas), an independent foundation with the purpose of safeguarding life, property and the environment, has introduced a new container ship concept. Quantum is the name of the concept ship and it’s designed to transport more cargo while using less fuel, thereby reducing the impact on the environmental.
South African Weather Service’s (SAWS) new state of the art weather radar network was launched on 29 March 2010. ZAR240-million has been granted by government for infrastructure investment in order to upgrade and replace its over 30 year old radar systems to bring about a substantially improved weather observation network.
BASF has patented a roller ball, called viavario, from its expanded polypropylene, Neopolen. The ball run consists of modules which can be joined together to create new tracks and it benefits from the expanded polypropylene's features such as low weight, impact strength, durability and a wide range of colours.
A new dimension in wiring devices has been introduced by Legrand. These specialists in the design and manufacture of products and systems for electrical installations and information networks recently launched the Arteor range – which encompasses simple switches, to the most advanced home automation systems – and they now also provide a multitude of stand-alone and system functions for commercial and residential environments.
Lighting importer and distributor, Eurolux, has announced its joint ownership of the locally designed Ni9htwatcher technology. According to the company, this decision and announcement follows an increasing international and local interest in security lighting range, as well as an opportunity to exhibit the Ni9htwatcher at both the Frankfurt Lighting and Las Vegas DIY Fairs.